references

ref. all'articolo http://www.vegansport.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=572:quanti-omega-3-conversione-da-ala-in-epadha&catid=7:notizie&Itemid=109

References

  1. Davidson MH. Omega-3 fatty acids: new insights into the pharmacology and biology of docosahexaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, and eicosapentaenoic acid. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2013; 24(6):467-74.
  2. Yannios T. The heart disease breakthrough. New York: Wiley; 1999.
  3. Jump DB, et al. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation and cardiovascular disease. J Lipid Res. 2012; 53(12):2525-45.
  4. Horrocks LA, et al. Health benefits of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Pharmacol Res. 1999; 40(3):211-25.
  5. Simopoulos AP. The importance of the ratio of omega-6/omega-3 essential fatty acids. Biomed Pharmacother. 2002; 56(8):365-79.
  6. Simopoulos AP. Evolutionary aspects of diet, the omega-6/omega-3 ratio and genetic variation: nutritional implications for chronic diseases. Biomed Pharmacother. 2006; 60(9):502-7.
  7. Burdge G. Alpha-linolenic acid metabolism in men and women: nutritional and biological implications. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2004; 7(2):137-44.
  8. Giltay EJ, et al. Docosahexaenoic acid concentrations are higher in women than in men because of estrogenic effects. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004; 80(5):1167-74.
  9. Burdge GC, et al. Eicosapentaenoic and docosapentaenoic acids are the principal products of alpha-linolenic acid metabolism in young men*. Br J Nutr. 2002; 88(4):355-63.
  10. Burdge GC, et al. Conversion of alpha-linolenic acid to eicosapentaenoic, docosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids in young women. Br J Nutr. 2002; 88(4):411-20.
  11. Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University. Essential Fatty Acids [Available from: https://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/other-nutrients/essential-fatty-acids].
  12. Welch AA, et al. Dietary intake and status of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in a population of fish-eating and non-fish-eating meat-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans and the product-precursor ratio [corrected] of alpha-linolenic acid to long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: results from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010; 92(5):1040-51.
  13. Daniells S. Omega-3: ALA intakes enough for EPA/DPA levels for non-fish eaters? : nutraingredients-usa; 2010 [Available from: https://www.nutraingredients-usa.com/Article/2010/11/08/Omega-3-ALA-intakes-enough-for-EPA-DPA-levels-for-non-fish-eaters?utm_source=copyright&utm_medium=OnSite&utm_campaign=copyright].
  14. Gerster H. Can adults adequately convert alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3) to eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3)? Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1998; 68(3):159-73.
  15. Nutrition SACo. Advice on fish consumption: benefits & risks. United Kingdom; 2004.

Stranieri

 

Ecco le schede di alcuni forti atleti vegan stranieri.

Clicca sulle foto per aprire i profili personali.

Visita anche il Blog di Luca VeganPromoter per scoprire altri atleti vegan stranieri!

popeye

 

 

 

 


 

Fiona Oakes

Fiona Oakes, Marathon runner intervista per Vegansport.

Christine Vardaros

Christine "Peanut" Vardaros, Ciclocross

Frans Claes

Frans Claes, Mountainbike

Tim Van Orden

Tim Van Orden, runner, vertical runner

Alberto Pelaez Serrano

Alberto Pelaez Serrano, Trail runner

 


Brendan Brazier

 

 

 

Brendan Brazier

-Triathlon, Ultramarathon

 

 

 

 


Alexander Dargatz

 

 

 

Alexander Dargatz

- Bodybuilding

 

 

 


Hillary Biscay

 

 

 

Hillary Biscay

- IronmanThriatlete

 

 

 


Adam Myerson

 

 

 

Adam Myerson

- Ciclismo, ciclocross

Kenneth G. Williams - Bodybuilding

 

 

 


betsy bailey

 

 

 

Betsy Bailey - Volley

 

 

 

 



Rich Roll




Rich Roll

- Ultraman,Triatleta

 

 

 


Brendan Brazier

 

 

 

Brendan Brazier

-Triathlon, Ultramarathon

 

 

 


Scott Jurek

 

 

 

Scott Jurek

- ultramarathon

 

 

 


Sebastjan Gergorič

 

 

 

Sebastjan Gergoric

- Triathlon

 

 

 


Christine Vardaros




Christine Vardaros

- ciclocross, MTB ,

 

 

 


Alexander Dargatz

 

 

 

Alexander Dargatz

- Bodybuilding

 

 

 


Hillary Biscay

 

 

 

Hillary Biscay

- IronmanThriatlete

 

 

 


Adam Myerson

 

 

 

Adam Myerson

- Ciclismo, ciclocross

Kenneth G. Williams - Bodybuilding

 

 

 


betsy bailey

 

 

 

Betsy Bailey - Volley

 

 

 

 


 

Matthew Ruscigno

- Ultra distance Cyclist, Runner, Triathlon

Katie Coryell - Pro Surfer

Tonya Kay - Dancer

Keith Holmes - Pugile

Georges Laraque - Ice Hokey

Prossime Gare

Prossime gare e manifestazioni

Chi si unisce? Aggiungiti e diiscutine sul gruppo FB cliccando sul link sotto!

>le nostre gare<

puoi anche consultare il calendario Google delle gare

Bodybuilding e sport di forza

 

Ecco le schede di alcuni atleti di alto livello e professionisti, in attività

Cliccaci sopra per avere informazioni dettagliate ("work in progress".. stiamo ancora aggiornando la lista degli atleti! 6/6/2011)


Tim VanOrden_10k_nationals

 

 

 

Tim VanOrden

- Ultramarathon

 

 

 


Brendan Brazier

 

 

 

Brendan Brazier

-Triathlon, Ultramarathon

 

 

 


Scott Jurek

 

 

 

Scott Jurek

- ultramarathon

 

 

 


Fiona Oakes

 

 

 

Fiona Oakes

- marathon

intervista per Vegansport.

 

 


Christine Vardaros

 

 

 

Christine Vardaros

- ciclocross, MTB ,

 

 

 


Alexander Dargatz

 

 

 

Alexander Dargatz

- Bodybuilding

 

 

 


Hillary Biscay

 

 

 

Hillary Biscay

- IronmanThriatlete

 

 

 


Adam Myerson

 

 

 

Adam Myerson

- Ciclismo, ciclocross

Kenneth G. Williams - Bodybuilding

 

 

 


betsy bailey

 

 

 

Betsy Bailey - Volley

 

 

 

 



Tim VanOrden_10k_nationals

 

 

 

Tim VanOrden

- Ultramarathon

 

 

 


Brendan Brazier

 

 

 

Brendan Brazier

-Triathlon, Ultramarathon

 

 

 


Scott Jurek

 

 

 

Scott Jurek

- ultramarathon

 

 

 


Fiona Oakes

 

 

 

Fiona Oakes

- marathon

intervista per Vegansport.

 

 


Christine Vardaros

 

 

 

Christine Vardaros

- ciclocross, MTB ,

 

 

 


Alexander Dargatz

 

 

 

Alexander Dargatz

- Bodybuilding

 

 

 


Hillary Biscay

 

 

 

Hillary Biscay

- IronmanThriatlete

 

 

 


Adam Myerson

 

 

 

Adam Myerson

- Ciclismo, ciclocross

Kenneth G. Williams - Bodybuilding

 

 

 


betsy bailey

 

 

 

Betsy Bailey - Volley

 

 

 

 


 

Matthew Ruscigno

- Ultra distance Cyclist, Runner, Triathlon

Katie Coryell - Pro Surfer

Tonya Kay - Dancer

Keith Holmes - Pugile

Georges Laraque - Ice Hokey

Arti marziali / fighting

 

Ecco le schede di alcuni atleti di alto livello e professionisti, in attività

Cliccaci sopra per avere informazioni dettagliate ("work in progress".. stiamo ancora aggiornando la lista degli atleti! 6/6/2011)


Tim VanOrden_10k_nationals

 

 

 

Tim VanOrden

- Ultramarathon

 

 

 


Brendan Brazier

 

 

 

Brendan Brazier

-Triathlon, Ultramarathon

 

 

 


Scott Jurek

 

 

 

Scott Jurek

- ultramarathon

 

 

 


Fiona Oakes

 

 

 

Fiona Oakes

- marathon

intervista per Vegansport.

 

 


Christine Vardaros

 

 

 

Christine Vardaros

- ciclocross, MTB ,

 

 

 


Alexander Dargatz

 

 

 

Alexander Dargatz

- Bodybuilding

 

 

 


Hillary Biscay

 

 

 

Hillary Biscay

- IronmanThriatlete

 

 

 


Adam Myerson

 

 

 

Adam Myerson

- Ciclismo, ciclocross

Kenneth G. Williams - Bodybuilding

 

 

 


betsy bailey

 

 

 

Betsy Bailey - Volley

 

 

 

 



Tim VanOrden_10k_nationals

 

 

 

Tim VanOrden

- Ultramarathon

 

 

 


Brendan Brazier

 

 

 

Brendan Brazier

-Triathlon, Ultramarathon

 

 

 


Scott Jurek

 

 

 

Scott Jurek

- ultramarathon

 

 

 


Fiona Oakes

 

 

 

Fiona Oakes

- marathon

intervista per Vegansport.

 

 


Christine Vardaros

 

 

 

Christine Vardaros

- ciclocross, MTB ,

 

 

 


Alexander Dargatz

 

 

 

Alexander Dargatz

- Bodybuilding

 

 

 


Hillary Biscay

 

 

 

Hillary Biscay

- IronmanThriatlete

 

 

 


Adam Myerson

 

 

 

Adam Myerson

- Ciclismo, ciclocross

Kenneth G. Williams - Bodybuilding

 

 

 


betsy bailey

 

 

 

Betsy Bailey - Volley

 

 

 

 


 

Matthew Ruscigno

- Ultra distance Cyclist, Runner, Triathlon

Katie Coryell - Pro Surfer

Tonya Kay - Dancer

Keith Holmes - Pugile

Georges Laraque - Ice Hokey

Informazioni aggiuntive